The olive tree

The olive tree

The olive tree is an up to 20 metre tall trees that grow slowly and can become very old and are narrated in the Legends of thousands of years trees.

Harvest

The first olives come when the tree is 5 years, full harvest is given when the tree is about 20; Most and tastes oil gives it at 50-150 years. 

Distribution

There are perhaps 900 million olive trees in the world, most of them grown in the Mediterranean and east to the Middle East but are found in all parts of the world.

Origin – Eastern Mediterranean?

The oldest traces of olive trees are supposed to be 40.000 years old, but you do not know where the tree stems – but the eastern Mediterranean is a good guess. 

Growing conditions

In Italy, it is usually called that the olive tree must have silence, drought, solitude, stone, and sun to develop and yield good harvests.


Empire

The culture that consumed most olive oil is probably the Roman Empire of the centuries after the birth of Christ.

Philosophical-olive oil

A more unusual preparation with olive oil as an ingredient was the philosopher’s oil. This oil with Vidbränd smell was prepared by annealing pieces of brick soaked in olive oil after which everything was distilled.

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OLIVE TREE

The olive tree is an up to 20 metre tall trees that grow slowly and can become very old and are narrated in the Legends of thousands of years trees. Sometimes multifaceted so that it approaches a shrub, but usually with a thick and often distorted strain. The wood is bright yellow-green, the branches round and sometimes pubescent (wild trees have square branches, sometimes with towers). The leaves sit opposite and are leathery, dark green or grey green, with silver grey luden underparts, on cultivated trees they are narrower and larger than those of the wild. The trees are generally more long leaves in France and Italy and more broad leaved in Spain.

The flowers are bisexual, small and white, fragrant and grow in bunches from the leafy folds. They contain no nectar that attracts insects but is pollinated by the wind.

The olive is oval to almost round, 2-4 cm long, containing a wrinkled nucleus surrounded by greenished fruit flesh. The smooth shell is first green-green olives and, at ripening, it becomes brown green over red to violet-black-black olives, but it can also be reddish or white as ripe.

Harvest

Distribution

Origin – Eastern Mediterranean?

Growing conditions

Empire

Philosophical-olive oil